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How to use ER with indefinite subject in Dutch - Part One

The use of ER in Dutch is tricky because it has 5 different cases and rules that you need to know, in case you want to check a compilation here you can have an overview of the use of ER in dutch


Learn the theory

Er + indefinite subject 

Er introduces an indefinite subject and announces whether the subject is there or not. It is very similar to the english there are/there is.

  • Er staat een boom in de tuin. 

  • Er zijn geen mensen op het strand. 

  • Er staan drie kopjes in het kastje. 

  • Er lopen een paar honden door het park.

  • Er is een licht aan.

If the subject is definite, you don't use this form or er.

  • De boom staat in de tuin.

  • De mensen zijn niet op het strand.

  • De drie kopjes staan in het kastje.

  • De honden lopen door het park.

  • Het licht is aan.

Do you want to know more about er? Then take a look at the second type of ER.

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